We chart how one Italian’s misfortune fuelled a slew of cycling innovations that led to a stunning hub adored by the pros

It’s only right the inventor of the quick-release mechanism should go on to produce the very best hubs — not only unmatched in quality of materials and build, but also up there with the most beautiful cycling components ever made.

The story of how Tullio Campagnolo dreamed up the quick-release is a familiar one: on the snowy Croce d’Aune pass during the 1927 Gran Premio della Vittoria, the Italian wanted to flip his rear wheel to change sprockets, but his fingers were too numb to undo the wing nuts that held it in place.

The legend goes that he resolved on the spot to create a better system.

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It wasn’t the thin air playing tricks on his rational mind: back down at sea level in Vicenza, Campagnolo patented the quick-release hub with hollow axle, skewer and cam lever clamp — still the universal wheel retention system for road racing bikes — and by 1933 was producing them via his own business, Campagnolo Srl.

Productivity pays off

For the next two decades Campagnolo was extraordinarily prolific, improving on virtually every existing bicycle component. He was rewarded in 1951 by a Tour de France win for Hugo Koblet using the new Campagnolo Gran Sport derailleur.

However, 1958 was the year when the iconic Record hub was launched.

The new model had a forged aluminium body, it was lighter and prettier than the previous steel barrel and was an instant hit.

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There were large and small-flange versions, both issued with the straight Campagnolo quick-release lever, and a track model.

They looked absolutely stunning with their mirror-polished finish. It was possible to tell just by looking at them that they were far superior to any other hub available at the time.

It was more than the sunlight bouncing off them — they appeared to radiate quality and exclusivity, and were the only serious choice at professional level.

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The excellence of the Record hubs was demonstrated by their longevity, both in terms of their durability — their bearings and surfaces were of supreme hardness and they were of course completely rebuildable — and the number of years during which their design remained unchanged.

From the late 1970s Campagnolo was obliged to make the QR lever curved instead of straight, due to consumer safety concerns in the USA, but apart from gaining the name ‘Record’ stamped into it, the hub was produced and ridden with love until 1985, when C-Record was launched.


Shift smoothly every time


The new C-Record flange had five bigger cut-outs that formed a star shape around the axle. It was certainly distinctive, like the rest of the C-Record group, but lacked the timeless, classic look of the original Record model.

But by this point the original hub had been so closely copied that in some cases it was hardly possible at a glance to distinguish between Record hubs and copies, such as the French Normandy hubs.

As they say, imitation is the sincerest form of flattery.

  • Bill

    Pity the arrogance of this company is its downfall, now such a tiny player in the market and still trying to kid people with the Made in Italy logo. Strikes at its Italy factory nearly brought it to its knees and with continued loss of market share, terrible lead times and increasing overheads I wonder how long they will survive.

  • Texas Roadhouse

    My 90’s era (Chorus) hubs and chainset are still the most beautiful I own (all my components are Campagnolo)

  • Alan Godding

    In one of my first road races in the 1950s, someone in the bunch spat – and it landed on the barrel of my shiny new Record hub. It dried out in the heat of a sunny Coventry day and I had to chip the worst of it off with a discarded lolly stick. Various polishes and cleaners later failed to remove all traces of
    the stain and it was still there years afterwards, when the hub was otherwise faultless.