Cycling Weekly's all-time ranking of British pro riders
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Who is the best British male road rider of all-time?
Cycling Weekly has devised a ranking system to try to answer the question once for all.
Our list will no doubt create controversy because many British cycling fans are divided. Is Mark Cavendish the greatest Briton, or should it be Robert Millar? Or Bradley Wiggins, Chris Froome or Tom Simpson?
Last year we unveiled our all-time list of British pro winners, a league table of riders ranked according to the number of top professional race victories they've achieved.
As many readers pointed out, ranking purely by wins isn't necessarily the best system to determine who's the greatest. Cavendish easily tops the league, but Simpson won many of the very biggest one-day races in the world. And is Robert Millar, with just 16 victories, still a better stage racer than Wiggins, with his Tour de France win?
So, we've spent ages devising a points system that is weighted towards rewarding success in the biggest and most prestigious races.
And we've recognised the importance of wearing the leader's jersey in a Grand Tour or winning the king of the mountains or points competitions by awarding points for these achievements too.
Then we scoured the record books for every result that counts towards our list since racing resumed after World War Two, and we've come up with Cycling Weekly's All-Time British Ranking.
Let the debate commence.
CYCLING WEEKLY'S ALL-TIME RANKING
Last update September 22 2013. Ranking will be updated regularly.
1 Mark Cavendish 3,200 points
2 Robert Millar 2,900 points
3 Tom Simpson 2,545 points
4 Bradley Wiggins 2,235 points
5 Chris Boardman 1,965 points
6 Chris Froome 1,960 points
7 David Millar 1,575 points *
8 Barry Hoban 1,455 points
9 Michael Wright 800 points
10 Max Sciandri 675 points **
Pro: raced as a British rider 1995-2004
11 Sean Yates 635 points
12 Brian Robinson 605 points
13 Malcolm Elliott 380 points
14 Roger Hammond 235 points
15 Jeremy Hunt 230 points
16 Geraint Thomas 190 points
17 Ben Swift 180 points
18 Ian Stannard 175 points
19 Vin Denson 155 points
20 Alan Ramsbottom 150 points
21= Graham Jones 120 points
21= Paul Sherwen 120 points
21= Alex Dowsett 120 points
22 Steve Cummings 110 points
* David Millar: Points for results that were stripped after admitting he had doped are not included (for example world time trial championship 2003).
** Max Sciandri: Only points scored from 1995 onwards, when Sciandri took out a British racing licence, are included.
Scroll down to see how the points have been allocated
ANALYSING CW'S RANKING
When Mark Cavendish won the sixth stage of the 2013 Giro d'Italia he moved to the top of our ranking, taking over the lead from Robert Millar. Though - as a pure sprinter - he will never win a Grand Tour it is the sheer number of his wins that impresses.
Cavendish has also rewritten the British cycling history books. He is the first British rider to win four stages in a single Tour de France (2008) and has since won six in one edition of the Tour (2009), taken the Tour's green jersey (2011) and road race World Championship title (2011).
Scotland's Robert Millar, who is 10th in the table of British pro winners, with 16 victories, is second in the ranking. In 16 years as a professional (1980-1995), Millar was one of the finest climbers in the peloton.
Millar finished on the podium at the Giro d'Italia (second in 1987) and the Vuelta a Espana (second in 1985 and 1986). Millar's fourth place in the 1984 Tour de France was the highest by a British rider at that point. That year he also won the polka-dot jersey as king of the mountains.
That Millar is one of Britain's greatest ever stage racers is in little doubt. But it wasn't just in the Grand Tours that Millar excelled. He also won the Dauphiné Libéré (1990) and Tour of Catalonia (1985). His best one-day performances were sixth in the World Road Race Championships in Barcelona in 1984, and third in the 1988 Liège-Bastogne-Liège.
Tom Simpson also deserves to be recognised as one of the greatest Britons, and while the Millar's Grand Tour performances give him the edge in our ranking, there is no doubt Simpson's palmares is stronger.
In the 1960s he won the world professional road race title and three of the one-day races universally recognised as the monuments of cycling - Milan-San Remo, the Tour of Flanders and the Tour of Lombardy. Add to that a sixth-place finish in the Tour de France and a string of other top ten finishes in the Classics.
Bradley Wiggins' transformation from Olympic gold-medal winning track rider to Grand Tour contender first came to the fore in the 2009 Tour de France, where he equalled Robert Millar's record in fourth overall. Wiggins' result was later upgraded to third after Lance Armstrong's results were wiped from the record books for doping. Crashing out of the 2011 Tour, Wiggins subsequently recovered to take third in the Vuelta behind Chris Froome in second.
Then in 2012 it all came right for Wiggins, winning Paris-Nice, Criterium du Dauphine and Tour de Romandie on his way to becoming the first British rider to win the Tour de France overall. Olympic gold followed in the time trial.
Many fans still consider Chris Boardman to have been a time trial specialist with very few other strings to his bow, but a closer examination of his career shows that to be an unfair assessment.
Yes, the great majority of Boardman's 41 wins were achieved in time trial stages, and he never made an impression on the general classification of the Tour de France or the one-day Classics. But he did finish second and fifth overall in the Dauphiné Libéré and third in Paris-Nice, results which are sometimes overlooked.
In 2012 everything went to plan for Wiggins, starting off with overall wins in the Tour de Romandie, Paris-Nice and Criterium du Dauphiné. Wiggins and Team Sky went on to dominate the Tour de France from beginning to end with Wiggins becoming the first British rider to take the overall win.
What our ranking doesn't take into account is Wiggins' success on the track. With six Olympic track medals, three of them gold, it's hard to argue against Wiggins being Britain's greatest all-round cyclist.
Along with Cavendish and Wiggins, David Millar and Chris Froome are the only other currently active riders in the top 10. Millar's first Tour de France stage win came in 2000, and his last in 2012. He has led all three Grand Tours, and won stages in each.
Froome is currently in sixth after two Grand Tour overall second places in the 2011 Vuelta a Espana and 2012 Tour de France, plus a host of wins in the run-up to the 2013 Tour de France. Three stage wins and an extended run in the race lead at the 2013 Tour moved him further up the table.
In eighth place is Barry Hoban, who clocked up a lot of points by winning eight stages of the Tour de France and Ghent-Wevelgem but was also third in the Tour's green jersey competition one year, as well as third in Paris-Roubaix and Liège-Bastogne-Liège.
Michael Wright, who was British born but lived most of his life in Belgium, is usually considered a sprinter and Classics rider, but he was also fifth overall in the 1969 Vuelta a Espana.
In 10th place is Max Sciandri who switched nationality from Italian to British in the mid-1990s and had a good record in one-day races. Some may be surprised to see Sean Yates, who was considered to be a domestique, so high, but he had a long career spanning 15 seasons and won some big races. Among his victories were stages of the Tour de France, Vuelta a Espana and Paris-Nice, as well as the Tour of Belgium's overall title. He was also second at Ghent-Wevelgem, behind Gerrit Solleveld in 1988, and fifth in Paris-Roubaix.
Brian Robinson can be seen as one of the pioneers of British cycling. He went to France and made an impact in the 1950s, paving the way for the Simpson generation to try to make a living in the sport. Robinson was a respected team worker, but he won too, most notably the Dauphiné Libéré in 1961 and a stage in the Tour de France. He was also third in the 1957 Milan-San Remo, at the time a truly jaw-dropping achievement.
TOUR DE FRANCE
Overall top 20 score: 250, 225, 200, 180, 160, 150, 140, 130, 120, 110, 100, 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 40, 30, 25, 20
Stages, top three score: 50, 10, 5
Final KOM and points competition, top three score: 50, 10, 5
Bonus for each day in leader's jersey: 25
Bonus for completing the Tour, but finishing outside top 20: 10
GIRO D'ITALIA & VUELTA A ESPANA
Overall top 15 score: 200, 175, 150, 130, 110, 100, 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 40, 30, 20, 10
Stages, winner scores: 30
Final KOM and points competition, winner scores: 30
Bonus for each day in leader's jersey: 15
Bonus for completing the race, but finishing outside top 15: 5
CATEGORY A STAGE RACES
Paris-Nice, Critérium du Dauphiné (Dauphiné Libéré), Tour of Switzerland
Overall top five score: 110, 75, 60, 40, 20
Stages, winner scores: 20
CATEGORY B STAGE RACES
Tirreno-Adriatico, Criterium International, Tour of the Basque Country, Tour of Romandie, Tour of Catalonia, Tour of Germany, Midi Libre (defunct), Tour of Beijing, Tour Down Under, Tour of Poland
Overall top three score: 60, 40, 20
Stages, winner scores: 15
CATEGORY C STAGE RACES
includes, Tour of California, Four Days of Dunkirk, Eneco Tour, Tour of Belgium, Tour of Portugal
Overall, top three score: 40, 20, 10
Stages, winner scores: 10
CATEGORY D STAGE RACES
All other stage races
Overall, winner scores: 10
Stages, winner scores: 5
WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS, OLYMPIC GAMES, MONUMENTS
World Championship road race and time trial, elite era Olympic Games road race and time trial (1996-present), Milan-San Remo, Tour of Flanders, Paris-Roubaix, Liège-Bastogne-Liège, Tour of Lombardy
Top 15 score: 200, 150, 100, 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 40, 30, 25, 20, 15, 10, 5
CATEGORY A ONE-DAY RACES
Ghent-Wevelgem, Amstel Gold Race, Flèche Wallonne, Paris-Tours
Top 10 score: 110, 75, 60, 50, 40, 30, 25, 15, 10, 5
CATEGORY B ONE-DAY RACES
Het Volk, Vattenfalls Cyclassics, San Sebastian Classic, GP Plouay, E3 Harelbeke, Grand Prix Cycliste de Québec, Grand Prix Cycliste de Montréal, British World Cup (defunct), GP Americas (defunct), GP des Nations (defunct)
Top three score: 60, 40, 20
CATEGORY C ONE-DAY RACES
Including Scheldeprijs, Henninger Turm, Giro del Lazio, Paris-Brussels, Milan-Turin
Top three score: 40, 20, 10
CATEGORY D ONE-DAY RACES
All other one-day races, including British National RR and TT Championships
Winner scores: 10
The all-time list of British pro winners